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  1. #1
    curtishuang-taiwan's Avatar
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    Talking My Hypothesis about the lifecycle the Universe - Dark Matters, Dark Energy, and E=MC2



    Hi, this is Curtis Huang from Taiwan.

    Dark matters and dark energies are mysterious to most, if not all, people interested in astronomy. Few days ago, when I took a shower, I tried to connect dark matters, dark energies, and phenomena in the universe with my trivil knowledge. After few hours of thinking, I formed my hypothesis for the link between these mysterious things and the universe, with Einstein's E=MC^2.

    This hypothesis is mainly about the lifecycle of the universe and the roles played by dark matters and dark energies in this process. I setup some hypothetical rules about the characteristics and working pattern of dark matters/energies and some ideas about the roles played by them. Based on these ideas, I believe we can explain some phenomena found in the universe.

    Hypothetical Rule 1
    Mass would transform into light and/or heat through chemical reactions, nuclear fission, and nuclear fusion. All energies in the form of light and heat will degrade into dark energy in the end. In other words, dark energy is the final form of energy.

    Hypothetical Rule 2
    Dark energies, under the power of gravity, will form energy clouds. And these energy clouds, although could hardly be detected, could impose force on other matters. When the dark energies increase, the energy clouds expand.

    Hypothetical Rule 3
    The force imposed on other matters by the dark energy clouds would be absorbed by the matters and the counter force (Newton’s third law) will enter into the dark energy clouds and hence maintain the total energies in the energy cloud.

    Hypothetical Rule 4
    Under the power of gravity, dark energies will gradually be transformed into dark matters (with E=MC2.) And any dark matters formed would be pushed to the surface of energy clouds.

    Hypothetical Rule 5
    Dark matters, under the power of gravity, will form dark matter clouds, and gradually be transformed into various particles, such as quarks, neutrons, atoms, etc. And these particles, under the power of gravity, will be transformed into stars and planets.

    Hypothetical Rule 5
    When stars start to emit energies with the nuclear fusion happening inside them, these emitted energies, according to hypothetical rule 1 aforementioned, will finally become dark energies and form dark energy clouds.

    Hypothetical Rule 6
    Inside a star system, dark energy clouds help to determine and maintain the form and shape of the star system and distance among stars and planets by pushing matters forming the stars and planets in that system. Inside a galaxy, the dark energy clouds help to determine and maintain the location of star systems in the galaxy. And at the universe level, the dark energy clouds distance help to determine and maintain the location of star bodies in the universe.

    Theory 1 – The expansion of the universe
    According to Rule 1, 2 & 3, the universe keep expanding because all stars in the universe are emitting lights and heats, and these energies continuously degrade into dark energies and form dark energy clouds that are capable of imposing force on matters in the universe. Since star bodies in the universe are continuously emitting energies, the dark energies are continuously increasing as well. With the pushing power getting bigger, the distances among star bodies increase and as a result, make the universe expand. Rule 1, 2 & 3 can also explain why the farther the star from us, the faster it leaves us: because basically, the number of star bodies in the space between the observed object and us increases in parallel with the distance between the observed object and us. Hence, when accumulating dark energies, there would be more star bodies producing dark energy clouds and more dark energy clouds being formed between the observed object and us and occupy more space. While the accumulated pushing power increases when the distance increases, the farther the observed object, the faster it leaves us.

    Hypothesis 2 – The lifecycle of the universe
    The universe will finally stop expanding when the degrading-into-dark-energies speed of the lights and heats emitted by star bodies equals to the transforming-into-dark-matter speed in the dark energy clouds. However, because density of forces/energies will decrease when the universe expands, the forming speed will finally drop to zero and cause no formation of new star in the end. When the energies from the last star degrade into dark energies, the universe will become a dark structure formed by dark energy clouds and other star bodies that emit no lights and heats. For example, there might be planets that don’t emit any lights and energies.

    Since there are no more energy sources, the force from newly formed dark energies is gone. The force in the dark energy clouds will be affected by the power of gravity only. As a result, the energies will be drawn to a nearby star body with the biggest mass at that moment, which might be dark holes. During this process, the dark energy clouds absorbed by the nearby dark hole will form gravity tunnels leading to that dark hole, all nearby remained planets and star bodies would then fall into that dark hole through the gravity tunnels. In fact, because dark holes are also star bodies, smaller dark holes will be absorbed into bigger dark holes. Finally, all mass and energies fall into the final one dark hole and get compressed into the final mystery spot. All mass will be crushed into dark energies by the mighty power of gravity.

    Then, Bang! The final mystery spot explodes and dark energies are spread into the space. With the high density of energies, dark matters are formed very quickly, and new star bodies are formed within dark matters quickly as well. When these stars start to emit lights and heats, the universe starts to expand, again.

    In short, the lifecycle of the universe has four continuously and sequently circulating stages:
    [Shrinking stage] – with no new energy source, the dark energies and all star bodies in the universe that could not emit lights and heats are drawn to a star body with the greatest mass, which might be a dark hole, and accumulated at the mystery spot. All mass will be crushed into dark energies by the mighty power of gravity.
    [Explosion stage] – Energies accumulated in mystery spot in shrinking stage explodes, lights and heats are emitted and start to form dark matters and star bodies.
    [Expansion stage] – Star bodies in the universe formed in and after the explosion stage continue emit lights and heats, these energies degrade into dark energies and push star bodies in the space to make the universe expand. New star bodies were formed through the path: energies (light, heat) -> dark energies -> dark matters -> star bodies emitting/emitting no energies.
    [Cooling stage] – due to the decrease of the formation speed of energy emitting star bodies, the universe stop expanding, left energy emitting star bodies continue emit lights and heats till no more stars could emit lights and heats. At the end of cooling stage, under the power of gravity, the universe will enter into shrinking stage.


    Please feel free to comment on my ameture ideas, thank you.

  2. #2
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    well the first thing i have to ask is why are you throwing a well known E=mc2 into the mix, i dont understand how this supports your theory at all? secondly some of the things you say need to be backed up with more substantial evidence than you offer... you did well to say hypothetical.... alltogether interesting thoughts!! thanks
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    Cool Interesting

    Another thing to add might be the theory that when a super massive black hole reaches a certain mass potential limit, it emits its energies and matter through space at super light speeds, as a quasor, then ignites other gas clouds which begins the creation of a new solar system. Sometimes the quasor will spin and ignite many gas clouds. Thus the formation of larger structures in space.

    There are a lot of theories floating around and not much real evidence, since most of scientific work is based on experimentation, it will be along time before anyone knows what really happens up there.

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    Dear timegazer,

    I introduced E=MC^2 in this hypothetical idea to explain the transformation from dark energies to dark matters.

    As for substantial evidence, well, because these ideas are simply products of logical thinking, plus several basic physical laws, and a lot of imagination. As you know, even dark matters and dark energies are still mysterious to most professional astronomists, so I am afraid that as an ameture newbie, I couldn't offer any substantial evidance other than more hypotheses. :-p

    Finally, I am glad that these ideas interested you. Cheers~ : )

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    Dear Kasten,

    Regarding the phenomena obeserved around blackholes, base on the theory I represented here, I would describe the eruption of masses and energies from blackholes as "small bangs." In other words, I would consider these as the creation of the universe, in small scale.

    And why these blackholes erupt? I think, basically, masses and energies would only fall (or being sucked) into blackholes. However, due to the fact that there are still great energies emitted from star bodies and dark masses around blackholes, these blackholes were disturbed and squeezed by external forces (including uneven gravities from star bodies around them). And finally, when they can no longer stand these forces, they spit out what they have swalled. Just like someone who eats too much food and suddenly start to vomit after a guy punch him on the belly. Hehehe...

    Finally, yap, it's true and somewhat sad that many theories, including mine, lack evidence supportive and decisive enough. This might due to limitations on technologies currently available or that the theorist attainable. Nevertheless, I believe with the development of new technologies, we will someday find out the truth. : )

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    a quaser and a BH are totally different.... Is there any articles or literature showing that BH's go bang??? From my understanding of blackholes they dont have a limit to mass.... IF Hawking radiation is being emitted then they would not reach a limit(if there is one!) It is possible that there is a limit i guess, and yes i like the idea you have about black holes taking a center role in formation of the universe(on a large scale) it seems intuitive that once a black hole gobbles up enough mass/energy that it would go pop..... but the very fact that black holes exist are counterintuitive, so speculate til your hearts content!!!
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